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                                                                 Arising need of development

Urbanization always goes hand in hand with the economic development of any country. The countries primarily being agrarian economies are turning in industrial and service dominant economies.  This is simply because the urban areas provides those cluster services which is required for industrial or service sector to grow exponentially. With these global urbanization development, the moving pace towards the more developed countries have attracted the population to shift their base in search of more developed and rising opportunities. Hence this growing global population which are moving to cities every single day have arouse the need of futuristic framework in match keeping a pace with rest of the world. Now seeing the trend and predictions by the experts which says the urban population is expected to double by the year 2050, there is an alarming need for cities to get smarter to handle large scale urbanization and search of funding ways to increase efficiency and full utilization of resources.

Hence, to curb this issue the current government have proposed “Smart Cities” as a solution of the arising Urban Housing Need. The Smart City mission is Modi’s government flagship project which aims to provide housing for all by 2022.

                                                                 Smart City – As a concept

The government of India as defined smart city as “It is an intersection between competitiveness, Capital and Sustainability”. The smart cities should be able to provide good social and physical infrastructure, attract investments and attain transparent processes which will drive the commercial activities and make available all citizen centric facilities to make them feel happy and safe.

Institutional Infrastructure (including Governance), Physical Infrastructure, Social Infrastructure and Economic Infrastructure constitute the four pillars on which a city rests, which is directly proportional to the sustainability in the city. The centre of attraction for these pillars of Smart City are – The Citizens.Development of Smart cities is an idea to ensue best results irrespective of any discrimination of social status, age income group etc.

Activities related to governances and e-governance, cost efficient physical infrastructure, work towards developing the human and social capital, such as the education, healthcare, entertainment, etc. , these together determine the quality of life of citizens in a city.

                                                    Pillars of Smart city?

Institutional Infrastructure (including Governance), Physical Infrastructure, Social Infrastructure and Economic Infrastructure constitute the four pillars on which a city rests, which is directly proportional to the sustainability in the city. The centre of attraction for these pillars of Smart City are – The Citizens.Development of Smart cities is an idea to ensue best results irrespective of any discrimination of social status, age income group etc.

Activities related to governances and e-governance, cost efficient physical infrastructure, work towards developing the human and social capital, such as the education, healthcare, entertainment, etc. , these together determine the quality of life of citizens in a city.

                                                  Transformed offerings

Smart Cities are the way forward as they aim to address a number of problems that Indian cities are facing. These cities will be technology driven and will support the rise of urban India by providing high living standards, state-of-the-art physical infrastructure, transportation and job opportunities.

                                                                       Features

  • Effectively utilizing assets and resources to enhance quality of urban living with clean environment
  • Encourages active and equal resident/citizen participation
  • Efficient public transport, wide roads, smarter public services
  • Innovative technology
  • Open spaces for well-maintained public amenities
  • City grows more vertically than horizontally to ensure more development
  • Home appliances can remotely be controlled
  • You can facilitate interaction with overseas medical practitioners for advices
  • Traffic distresses are expected to be resolved as citizens will get real time information about jams and location of availability of public transport

In the current scenario, technology can bring a huge difference to our lives. For optimum utilisation of resources and to save time, Smart Cities are expected to make use of sophisticated Information and Communication Technology systems. This would empower citizens by giving them the ability to operate through technological devices.  The Smart city plan will also lure the real estate sector and will open doors towards the job opportunity and will also mobilize big corporate and industrialist to acquire spaces through specialized government schemes. The roots of the smart city development is dependent on infrastructure development which anyways the prime focus of the government.

 Employment Opportunities with Smart cities – Estimated to create $30- $40 billion business according to Nasscom

The National Association of Software and Services Companies (Nasscom ) has said that the government’s smart cities programme can create business opportunity of USD 30-40 billion for the IT industry over the next 5- 10 years.

“ ICT could account for about 10-15 per cent of overall outlay of the smart cities mission. This translates into an opportunity of $30-40 billion over next 5-10 years,” said R Chandrashekhar, President, Nasscom.

Under the government’s 100 smart cities programme, approved by the Union Cabinet last month, each selected city will get central assistance of Rs 100 crore annually for five years. The government has allocated a total of Rs 48,000 crore for development of smart cities.

Smart city is one of the key initiatives announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, under which the government is aiming to deliver public services to citizens and businesses with a balanced focus in terms of modernizing city infrastructure and leveraging technology to improve efficiency and capacity of city service.

Nasscom is also set to launch a report titled ‘Integrated ICT and Geospatial Technologies Framework for 100 smart cities’, which has been developed in partnership with Accenture, Association for Geospatial Industries (AGI) and Orkash. It will be launched at the upcoming Smart City Expo in New Delhi on May 21. “The report will suggest possible funding mechanisms and procurement strategies, and will be a ready reckoner for states and local bodies,” Chandrashekhar said.

Nasscom was invited by Ministry of Urban Development for the discussions with industry on possible ICT interventions. Nasscom said ICT framework suggested by it will address the unique challenges faced by Indian cities and provide an integrated perspective across the key pillars of physical infrastructure, social infrastructure, environmental and institutional (governance).

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